Vaginitis is an infection or inflammation of the vagina. Some of the symptoms of vaginitis would be including irritation, itchiness, unpleasant odor, and abnormal discharge. Proper diagnosis of vaginitis would involve a thorough examination of your vaginal fluid. This would be done under a microscope. Alternatively, the sample of the vaginal fluid would be sent to a reliable laboratory for culture.
In order to accurately determine the actual cause of the irritation or vaginal infection, the specialist generally discusses the symptoms with the patient and then performs a physical examination. An assessment of the pelvic region is also included. The physician would require test reports for the patient’s vaginal discharge and urine samples. Just before the examination, the patient must avoid both douching and sexual intercourse for a couple of days at least. This would be ruling out any unnecessary complications.
How to Get Ready For the Test?
As suggested already, you should abstain from douching and sexual intercourse. Moreover, do not use vaginal creams and douches as then it would become quite challenging for the doctor to correctly interpret the test findings. Apart from these, no other preparation would be required.
What is the Examination Procedure?
It is going to be a pelvic examination. The physician would be using a cotton swab for collecting a sample of the vaginal fluid that is known to moisten the vaginal lining. This swab would be rubbed against a couple of glass slides. Thereafter, a tiny droplet of fluid is actually put on both the slides for mixing up with the sample of the vaginal fluid already present on the slides. In the case when your physician is looking for the presence of an infection with chlamydia or gonorrhea, a second swab would be used for taking a mucus sample from the core of the cervix.
Your technician or doctor would be examining the slides meticulously under a microscope to determine signs of any infection with yeast, or a small parasite named Trichomonas or maybe a bacterium known as Gardnerella. In the case when a second cotton swab would be used, your technician or the doctor would be sending it to a reliable and reputable laboratory for yeast culture for effective chlamydia or the gonorrhea testing.
The doctor would be carrying out a thorough pelvic examination that would be including inspection of the cervix and the vaginal canal for any local tenderness or pain, sores, and discharge. A majority of the vaginitis cases or vaginal yeast infections could effectively be treated with the use of over-the-counter medications.
Treatment of Vaginitis
Both topical and oral medication therapy has proved to be really effective in the treatment and cure of simple and uncomplicated vaginal infections. Remember that topical medications would be working faster than oral medications. However, both oral and topical medications and formulations are effective in managing simple and uncomplicated infections.
Patients who suffer from recurring vaginal yeast infections must seek clinical intervention.Fluconazole is supposed to be the most popularly used oral medication effective in treating yeast infection. Oral medications are pretty effective and recommended by the specialists if severe symptoms exist. A relatively long course of medications and treatment would be required in the case of pregnant women. Always remember to consult your doctor before initiating any line of treatment.